Hard Disk Failure: Check some important reasons why it happens

Hard Disk Failure

Julianne Mercer, Negosentro.com |  Hard disks often contain a great deal of information and have an immense ability to store valuable data. But no one is interested in backing up important files so that they can be easily recovered after a hard corruption or failure.  A hard drive failure can occur at any time due to a virus attack, block and damaged sectors, bad power supply,  corrupted operating system files, eg NTLDR, boot.ini , Msdos.sys etc.

Here is a list of the top reasons behind a hard drive failure and their solutions that will surely help users recover data in these situations easily and without modifying data. Whatever the conditions, the solutions mentioned below are able to solve the problem and then move to hard disk recovery software immediately to avoid any additional damage at the system or data level.

Firmware failures or manufacturing faults


  • The hard disk is indiscernible or is not recognized by the system at all.
  • The system fails to start or remains blocked in the middle of the procedure.

This issue could essentially affect a new hard drive and prevent it from properly functioning. If this happens only a few days after purchase and there is a high probability that the manufacturers have supplied the failed disk. Such types of external devices such as hard drives are provided to customers without any testing.

Direct users  can call the manufacturer and request an AR (Return Authorization) if the drive is still under warranty. So, such problem can be managed without further examination and without paying any additional costs. However, the user may miss crucial data stored on the external hard drive in the meantime before corruption occurs. The manufacturer will not give any warranty as to the security of your information and to recover it from a hard drive problem; recommended hard disk recovery software is advised if the problem is not serious and if the damage is logical. Scondar offers several solutions to keep your hard disk safe



  • The fans move too slowly or do not move at all
  • Rattling or noises are heard from the equipment
  • The computer (laptop or not) heats up quickly after kicking off

Heating of drives is one of the most common problem among the causes of hard drive failure, and it occurs too frequently. Due to poor ventilation or a failing CPU fan, the system will heat up to a peak and will lead to a sudden crash of the hard drive or severe damage to the hardware that will be irreversible. The environment can also have a severe impact that can prevent the system from distributing heat properly.


  • Make sure the CPU fans are working properly and double check that sufficient refresh is provided to the processor and its adjacent areas. You thermal paste can be used and put it between the CPU fan coolers so that they work smoothly in the future.
  • Use Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) tools that will inform the user about hard drive state and any future hardware risks. They also help users when developing any bad phases on the hard drive tray that can cause system gels or a complete failure of it. Wire to board connector can help to get rid of the heat issue in hard disk.

Electronic Failure or Power Failure


  • The BIOS system is unable to locate the hard disk
  • The hard disk is unable to rotate
  • Sudden start-up failure

The UPS will not able to supply the required power, either too low or too high This can also occur in the case of an unreliable power source supplying an intermittent power supply.

It is important that the hardware only gets the required power. Using an UPS of any known brand could solve this problem. Also, be sure to turn off your system when you are not using it or when it is out of range.

Mechanical or internal failure


  • Rattling or squealing from the hard drive
  • Files and folders sometimes become invisible. Files and folders can also become corrupted and you may not be able to access them.
  • The entire plant system
  • A black screen after the startup screen that prevents you from booting the system.


The hard drive contains moving parts that may worsen over time and that may eventually lead to a mechanically damaged hard drive. A viral attack can also erase data from the hard drive, alter its operation, corrupt system files, etc .which will eventually contribute to mechanical failure. Several root kits have been placed earlier and become active soon after boot the system, and they generate corruption that prevents it from working at the BIOS level. However, the most recent Windows operating systems, such as Windows 8 / Windows 8.1, have the ability to detect and eliminate these malware by using the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) technology.

Update the system regularly or weekly, run the latest version of an antivirus program, replace the hard drive after 3-4 years of use, etc. are the common measures that can extend a little bit The life of your hard drive and leave you enough time to copy or move data to another system.

Corrupted files


  • Crucial system files may become corrupted or corrupt and prevent the user from accessing the system.
  • A sudden shutdown of the system following a power failure or a forced reboot can cause file corruption and make your hard drive unavailable.

An inappropriate way to close the PC, by mistake closing any running program, faulty applications or malicious, power outages, etc. are factors that contribute to a Corruption system files that make the hard disk unstable or prevent it from working properly.

Always use the standard way to close your PC, which can help the PC shut down properly, and then the kernel command to stop powering the rest of the CPU equipment. It is also recommended to close all or part of the running programs before shutting down the system. Avoiding installing malicious or faulty software on your PC will allow the hard drive to live longer.

Human errors

This type of error occurs primarily as a result of human error and can cause severe system damage. For example, changing the system registry settings, altering the attribute and location of system files, incorrect installation of the OS, etc. These types of errors are difficult to repair and require the most powerful recovery software to thoroughly analyze and retrieve severely damaged data.

What if the hard drive is already dead? 

In some situations, the hard disk may eventually die, without causing squeaking or noises. In the worst situations, you may have missed your chance to make a backup of your data to another device. Do not give up and try the methods listed below to fix any problems on your hard drive, as well as to recover data easily.

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